__Arithmetic__

Numbers have always been a fascination for the Indians. The speedy methods developed by them for arithmetic calculations stand as good examples for that. The techniques used in these methods are very simple yet their power is amazing. These methods for fast calculation are available for a wide range of operations from basic multiplication to solving simultaneous equations. There are certain salient features about these methods that make them so powerful.

The shortcuts used are well suited for mental calculations. At any stage of calculation, it is enough to remember just a few (maximum 3) digits and therefore, it becomes easy for us to work them out mentally.

These techniques make use of the place value system of numbers and hence are independent of the base used.

They are simple, easy to learn, and result in significant improvement of speed in calculations.

Having spoken about the features of Indian arithmetic, we shall now take a closer look at the methods . Choose the topic you prefer and click on the link.

The Place value system

Multiplication

Squaring

Divisibility

Division

Square Root

Indian Numeric Code

Miscellaneous Techniques